A School near a Police Paddock – Murtoa

i love the bobbies in this week’s Sepia Saturday image with their helmets and one of them  wearing a long coat. I would dearly have loved to have found a matching image in my family album.  Instead I had to settle for the occasional use of the word police in family stories.  Tom Tansey brushed with a policeman on a horse in his fishing escapade, and the newlyweds lost their pack horse when it escaped from a police paddock.

This time a police paddock crops up again in an another vague connection.   When the Tansey family left Geelong to live in the much smaller country town of Murtoa, 273 km to the north west,   the two girls  were enrolled at the local primary school in March 1909.  We were told that they lived 1/8 mile from the school in Cromie St, just across the road from the back of the school, in the second house from  the police paddock on the corner at the rear of the Police Station.

So with this contrived connection what better reason is there for looking at the school the girls were attending.

Murtoa School Exercises c1911

Murtoa State School c1911

Exercises were part of the curriculum and this photo was taken c 1911.  Vera Tansey who was to grow up and use the Lucy Drake Cook Book is sixth from the left in the front row.

A bit earlier a photo had been taken of some of the girls with some rather intimidating looking  adults.  I’d put this photo c 1909 .  Vera and Hilda Tansey are 3rd and 6th from the left in the front row.

Girls Murtoa school c1910

Six months after the girls arriving at the school a new wing was officially opened and I believe this next photo was taken that day.   Not a large number of pupils but enough older boys for a Cadet Corps.

Murtoa Primary New Wing Opening 14-9-1909 bThe opening was reported in the newspaper of a nearby town, The Horsham Times on September 14th, 1909

New Murtoa School

The ceremony of opening the new school building at Murtoa took place last Thursday in the presence of a large attendance.. Among those present was the Director of Education (Mr. F. Tate), Dr. Carew Smyth, Mr. Hurley, Inspector of Schools, and Mr. Walters who opened the first school in the Wimnera, 35 years ago. Mr. Sanpson M.P., and ‘ Mr. Hutchinson, M.L.A., were unable to be present on account of Parliamentary duties. Mr. A. Help (?)  presided and made some appropriate remarks, and he was supported by Mr. Geo. Evans, J.P. . Mr. Tate delivered a most instructive address on educational matters, and also dealt in an interesting way with the question of hygiene and sanitation. Dr. Rabl spoke in support of the medical inspection of children.  Afternoon tea was provided by the ladies. ____

More interpretations of Sepia Saturday’s theme this week of bobbies, bellies, bums and brushes can be found in the links at Sepia Saturday

 

2014.09W.15

 

Tools of the Trade – The Housewife’s Cook Book

Once upon a time the head of the family, the husband, went out to work each day to provide for his family while the wife stayed at home and followed her trades  as a  cook, cleaner, laundress, nurse, etc.  And one of the tools she needed for her trade as a cook was a cookery book with detailed instructions on how to put those important meals on the table.

D2 Chas & Vera 1929Vera Tansey married in 1929 and is pictured here a few weeks after her wedding. She had provided herself with an Every Ladies’ Cook-Book by Miss Drake.

Mrs Drake Cookery Book Cover bAs you can see it has been well and truly used by my mother

Lucy Drake who had trained in London had been in charge of cookery classes at Swinburne Technical College in Melbourne.  Her salary when she started in 1914 was 12/6 a week.  The publishers of Everylady’s Journal decided Australia needed a cook book which was suited to our climate and our tastes and offered Lucy Drake a large fee to compile such a book. Swinburne College granted her six months leave on half pay  and she set off for Tasmania on holidays and went to work. Unfortunately a couple of weeks after the manuscript was delivered to the publishers she became ill and died.

It is a good cook book. The recipes are clearly explained and mostly still very usable.  It was a time when apart from a few saucepans you would probably have had a basin, a wooden spoon, a sieve or sifter , a mincer/grinder  to screw onto the table and not much else. You did everything by hand.   And you probably didn’t have refrigeration – at best an ice-box or a Coolgardie safe.  So I could understand why you were told  how your soup stock should be boiled up every day to keep it fresh.

I was happily browsing the recipes when I came to a full stop;.  How would you like to make some Ammonia Biscuits using a lump of Ammonia the size of a nutmeg ?

Ammonia Biscuits

I was shocked !  Ammonia !  But it wasn’t quite what I thought.  Ammonium bicarbonate was the forerunner of the Carb Soda and Baking Powder that we use today and it is still widely used today in commercial cooking as a raising agent and a stabiliser.

I try my best not to buy foods with a list of numbers in the ingredients but at last I know what one of those numbers stands for – 503.  Miss Drake’s cook book was first published in 1923 but now a digitized version is available  at http://images.swinburne.edu.au/handle/1111.1/5887

This version  is from a later reprint, 1940,  and includes pages of advertisements. And  should you wish to you can download the whole book or read it online.  I have nothing but praise for Swinburne or any other educational institution which makes information available free of charge.  Because of them I know a little more today than I did yesterday.

You might like to try Lucy Drake’s  Mushroom Sandwiches or Crullers (American) or Jelly Doughnuts or Bath Buns or ………

And so to everyone else’s interpretation of this week’s Sepia Saturday  picture with its street trader, tools of trade, menders, cobblers, etc.

2014.09W.13

 

 

Horses and Wagons

Sepia Saturday this week includes the word TRANSPORT  for which  The Oxford Dictionary says

Take or carry (people or goods) from one place to another by means of a vehicle, aircraft, or ship:

That’s interesting.   Does that mean if you were to deliver a parcel by horseback you are not transporting that parcel.  It needs to be delivered in conjunction with a vehicle, aircraft or ship.

So I  have looked at how my family have used horses for transport with the help of a WAGON.

The first photo is of my grandmother’s uncle, Bullocky Bob, ie Robert Telford  (1871-1940) and his bullock wagon.  He only had one eye as the result of an accident.  You’ll notice his dog trotting along at the back of the wagon.  There is no train line to Apollo Bay so everything came in by boat or bullock wagon.

Robert telford and his bullock team bIt’s a very large wagon and we can’t see what he is carting as it has a cover over it.  He lived at Apollo Bay and until 1930 the Electoral Rolls described him as a grazier.  After that he and his wife were storekeepers at Duverney.

The next photo is probably early to mid 1920s on the Fricke dairy farm, Glen Avon, at Apollo Bay in south-western Victoria.  The wagon is being used for a family outing, perhaps they are heading into town on market day.

KONICA MINOLTA DIGITAL CAMERAIt is not a very clear photo but you can see the back of the house and the pole for holding up the clothes line.  From here the track to the road winds around the back of the house and down the small hill.  This wagon has the front wheels smaller than the back wheels  and I believe this is because the  steering is controlled by the front wheels and these smaller wheels give a smaller turning circle. I think the wagon is being driven by the eldest daughter of the house, my Aunt Enid.

The wagon is also used for bringing in the hay.  Here it is in the paddock at the front of the house and once again you can get a glimpse of  the clothes line with its load of flapping washing.

KONICA MINOLTA DIGITAL CAMERAI think it is my father, Charles Fricke Jr. who is helping with the hay when home for the holidays.  This is possibly mid to late 1920s and the smaller head of the other person sitting on the wagon is possibly his younger brother Alan, born 1920.

Later  there was to be a quite nice garden at the front of the house with bushes sculpted into shapes.

Another photo was taken in the front paddock that day but this time it is facing away from the house and across the valley, with Charles standing up and someone possibly tossing the hay up from the ground.

Apollo Bay Charles Jr bringing in the hay c1925  cI have scans of these events thanks  to kind relatives.

Other suggestions from this week’s  Sepia Saturday image  include  coach rides, old transport, roof-racks, luggage, waiting, animated discussion, clowning, and cab drivers, so there will be plenty of variety waiting in the links on —–

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The Royal Jubilee 1935 as seen by Weldon’s Ladies Journal

This week Sepia Saturday showed us his magazine cover, so now I’ll show him mine.  Actually it belonged to my mother and it was a Souvenir of the Royal Jubilee, 1910-1935 which was included with the English magazine  Weldon’s Ladies’  Journal in April 1935, one of Weldon’s  range of publishing interests.

Their tribute was to King George V ( the grandson of Queen Victoria) and Queen Mary, celebrating fifteen years on the throne of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, as well as other bits and pieces around the world.   At times the emphasis is on the part women have played during those years.  You will probably need to click on the images and enlarge them to read the explanations.

Royal Jubilee 1935 Weldons magazine b

Weldon's 1935 Page 1Weldon’s Ladies Journal was started in 1875 (or 1879, depending on the source)  and was the first magazine specifically designed for the mass public.

Weldon's 1935 Page 9 The magazines were very conservative and centred around the home and reflected upper class tastes and fashions.

But times were changing and during World War I women worked at many different jobs for the first time.

Wooman Chimney sweepJust fancy, a woman winning the rifle shooting competition at Bisley in 1930, and women members of Parliament.

Weldon's 1935 Page 14King George and Queen Mary had seen great improvements in the motor car

Weldon's 1935 page 19and were living through the birth of Television.

Weldon's 1935 page 21

Weldon's 1935 Page 31

Finally the small town of Appledore  in Devon celebrating the Jubilee.  This video, found on YouTube,  put together by  a young girl who was there with photos taken by her father.  Watch for the two little girls in the striped crepe paper dresses.

Before becoming King, as tbe Duke of York, George visited Australia in 1901 and opened the first Session of Parliament when the Commonwealth of Australia was formed from the several States.

King George V died in January 1936 but Queen Mary lived long enough to see her granddaughter become Queen Elizabeth II.

More links to magazine covers and other goodies can be seen at Sepia Saturday.

2014.09W.06

 

 

Wheels, mostly of the Pedal Power kind – Transport, Freedom, Sport

This week’s image from Sepia Saturday  suggests motor bike, pillion passenger, courier, turban.  towel, camp, lots of things as an inspiration in searching through our photos. But none of them sent me scuttling to the family albums for a match.  Instead it was the wheels in the photo which interested me so I’ll go with some family wheels, but ones without the motor, just pedal power wheels.

George Francis ForseyMeet George Francis Forsey (1870 – 1954).   His wife Wilhemina was my grandfather’s cousin.  He was a miner at Clunes in Central Victoria.  Later, as a widower, he shifted to Birchip and is buried there. His bike was his trusted  form of transport in a typical Victorian country town,

Down the years wheels  have been important as a means of transport from place to place, firstly in 1945 then in 1950.

Wheels again  in 1969 in a home made billy cart for a bit of gravity fueled speed

Lachlan winter 1969 billy cart

Freedom to roam in 1972 and 1978

At last in 1979   ……….. an exciting ride on a visitor’s  motor bike

A visiting -motorbike 1979But in recent years,  for the next generation, wheels have become less of a means of transport and more of a sport – BMX racing – as in this Slideshow of No 39 and No 43,

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And just occasionally a little running repair is needed.

Running Repair

Have a look at the links on the Sepia Saturday page for more interpretations of this motor bike photo.  I only looked at the wheels.2014.09W.03

A rather large tent

For this week’s Saturday Sepia theme of tents I will go back to some men at a sheep sale in 1920 at the large Kooba station in New South Wales which I used in a previous post .

Kooba was a 120,000 acre station in south-central New South Wales . The station had been sold and it was time to sell its 40,000 sheep as well as some cattle and horses. But this time the picture  is of a tent.

Sheep Sale Cars and Tent cIt is believed that this photo was taken on that day.  It’s hard to know what the tent was used for – was it a refreshment tent – you can see a wagon pulled up at the back of the tent which could have brought supplies.  Or was it used as a place for business.  A bonus is seeing all the lovely old cars and the beautiful setting for the tent.

Sheep Sale TentLooking closer you can see men who appear to be sitting at a table.

Kooba Sale Newspaper report

Other tents at other places can be seen via Sepia Saturday

2014.08W.86

 

Telford Brothers Posing for a Picture

Posing is a great word for the theme for this week’s Sepia Saturday   

Here the art of posing is displayed by three of my grandmother’s uncles, rather superior young men looking down their noses,  Telford brothers from Apollo Bay which in earlier days was known as Krambruk.    They were the youngest boys in a family of thirteen.

They show themselves as young bachelors, very much young men about town, though in a tiny little town like Apollo Bay it wouldn’t have been hard to be young men about town !

Three Telford BrothersFrom the left is Arthur Alfred Telford  (1883) , Norman Noble Telford  (1886)  and William Wallace Telford  (1879).   Norman was born the same year as his niece,  my grandmother   Their parents were Scottish, from Linton in Roxburghshire and Fauldhouse in Linlithgowshire.

I think this photo could be c1900+.  Here are some other photos of the three of them in the same order.  This second photo of Arthur Alfred appears to have been taken on the same day as the group photo.

Notice the alliteration in the christian names.  This had only started with the tenth child – Abner Albert.

More posing, lurking and sharing can be found through this week’s Sepia Saturday

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